Global History I  

Paleolethic Pa·le·o·lith·ic /ˌpālēəˈliTHik/ Learn to pronounce Archaeology adjective adjective: Palaeolithic; adjective: Paleolithic relating to or denoting the early phase of the Stone Age, lasting about 2.5 million years, when primitive stone implements were used. "the oldest remains found here include Paleolithic arrow heads and knives"

The Neolithic period, or New Stone Age, is characterized by the beginning of a settled human lifestyle. People learned to cultivate plants and domesticate animals for food, rather than rely solely on hunting and gathering.

Aesop's fables a collection of fables believed to have been written by the Greek storyteller Aesop Aesop was an Ethiopian slave in the 600's B.C. Greece. He is counted as the author of self-titled Aesop's Fables- a collection of short stories each containing a simple moral message.

Africa the second largest continent Africa is the continental landmass to the southwest of Asia, with its only physical land connection being the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt...

Alexander the Great king of Macedon Alexander the Great was born in 356 BC to Philip II of Macedon.

Ancient Greek the Greek language prior to the Roman Empire Greek is an Indo-European language, primarily spoken in Greece and Cyprus.

Ancient history a history of the ancient world Ancient history can be defined as all that happened from the creation of the world until AD 600.

Aramaic a Semitic language originally of the ancient Arameans but still spoken by other people in southwestern Asia Aramaic was the language of Jesus.

Archimedes Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC) Archimedes (287 BC – 212 BC) was an ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher.

Assyria an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq Assyria was a very ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia. Today that would be in northern Iraq.

Athens the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena Athens is the capital of modern Greece and was a famous city state in its early history.

Babylon the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia Babylon was the main city of ancient Mesopotamia. Hammurabi was Babylonia's greatest ruler during roughly 1800-1750 BC.

Celt a member of a European people who once occupied Britain and Spain and Gaul prior to Roman times The Celts were a people who lived in Europe at the time of the Roman Empire.

Chaldean of or relating to ancient Chaldea or its people or language or culture Chaldean has both a historical and a modern meaning.

culture all the knowledge and values shared by a society Culture is the way of life of a people, or nation.

cuneiform an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia Cuneiform is the earliest known form of writing.

Daniel an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar Daniel was a prophet who lived during the time of Nebuchadnezzar and Darius's reign in Babylon.

David the 2nd king of the Israelites King David was the second king of Israel from 1010-970 BC.

Egypt a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC Egypt is a country located in north-east Africa, and is the site of one of the oldest recorded civilizations on earth.

Euclid Greek geometer (3rd century BC) Euclid was a Greek mathematician who lived 325-365 B.C. in Hellenistic Alexandria.

Fable a short moral story The word fable comes from the Latin fabula, where it simply means "story."

Hellenistic relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civilization Hellenistic means anything relating to Greek history, culture, and art after the life of Alexander the Great.

Herodotus the ancient Greek known as the father of history Herodotus lived from 484 to 425 BC. He was a Greek historian who is regarded as the father of history.

Hittite of or relating to the Hittite people or their language or culture Hittite was an Indo-European language spoken in an area that is now part of modern Turkey.

Homer ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC) Homer (8th century B.C.) was a Greek poet and the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Iliad a Greek epic poem describing the siege of Troy The Iliad is an epic poem widely believed to have been written by Homer, the legendary blind Greek poet, in the 8th century B.C.

invention the act of making something new An invention is a breakthrough in thought that is constructed or applied in physical reality that leads to a new creation that usually has practical application.

Israel an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC The State of Israel is a nation located in the Middle East.

Jerusalem capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel Jerusalem is the official capital of the country of Israel, although it is not recognised as such diplomatically outside of Israel.

language a means of communicating by the use of sounds or symbols A language is a collection of symbols (called vocabulary) and rules for connecting these symbols (called grammar) that facilitates communication.

Mesopotamia the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Mesopotamia (mes-uh-puh-TAY-mee-uh from the Greek, "land between the rivers") refers to that region, generally along and between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (in modern Iraq), where civilisation first appeared some time before 3000 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar (Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC) Nebuchadnezzar I was the emperor of the Babylonian Empire from 1146 to 1123 BC.

Nineveh an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris across from the modern city of Mosul in the northern part of what is now known as Iraq Nineveh was the last capital of the Assyrian empire from 5000 until 612 BC when it was destroyed by the Babylonians.

Odyssey a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy The Odyssey was an epic poem written by Homer, a Greek poet, in the 8th century B.C.

Olympics the modern revival of the ancient games held once every 4 years in a selected country The Olympics are an Ancient Greek sporting event that was held from 776 B.C. to A.D. 394 and resurrected as a world-wide modern competition in the late 19th century.

Persian Empire an empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC The Persian Empire, in antiquity, was the largest geographical empire in its time, at its height stretching from India (at the Ganges and Mula, respectively) all the way into southern Europe and down to Egypt, primarily under Cyrus the Great.

Pharaoh the title of the ancient Egyptian kings Pharaoh is the term generally used today to refer to the Kings of Ancient Egypt, including the Hyksos and Ptolemaic rulers, but usually not the Persian rulers, though many of them did have a formal Egyptian royal titulary drawn up.

Plato ancient Athenian philosopher Plato was a great Greek philosopher who lived from 428 to 347 BC. poetry literature in metrical form Poetry is the most compressed form of literature.

religion a strong belief in supernatural powers that control destiny "Religion" refers to a set of core beliefs upon which people base their lives.

Saul (Old Testament) the first king of the Israelites who defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines) King Saul (r.1095BC-1055BC according to Ussher,[1] or r. 1050-1010 BC according to Thiele[2]) was the first king of the United Kingdom of Israel.

science a branch of study or knowledge involving the observation, investigation, and discovery of general laws or truths that can be tested systematically Science is a methodology for discovering and classifying knowledge.

Socrates ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, who lived between approximately 470 and 399 BC.

Solomon son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom Solomon (c.1000 BC - c.930 BC) was the third King of Israel between c. 970 BC and c. 930 BC.

Sparta an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess Sparta was a Greek city state known for its military strength.

Thucydides ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC) Thucydides (455-395 B.C.) was the first scientific historian in ancient Greece.


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